What You Need To Know
Visby is a locality and the seat of Gotland Municipality in Gotland County, on the island of Gotland, Sweden with 23,880 inhabitants, as of 2014. Visby is also the episcopal see for the Diocese of Visby. The Hanseatic city of Visby is arguably the best-preserved medieval city in Scandinavia and since 1995, it has been on the UNESCO World Heritage Site list. Among the most notable historical remains are the 3.4 km (2.1 mi) long town wall that encircles the town center, and a number of church ruins. Visby is a popular vacation destination for Scandinavians during the summer and receives thousands of tourists every year. It is by far the most populated locality outside the Swedish mainland. The University of Gotland is in Visby, and since 1 July 2013, it is a department of Uppsala University under the name Uppsala university–Campus Gotland. Visby is also the sole county seat in Sweden only accessible by boat and air.
Population: Estimate 23,880
Area: 12.44 km²
Swedish is the official language spoken by 96.72% followed by English 53.97% · German 18.66% · French 6.85% · Spanish 4.78% · Danish 4.47% · Finnish 1.6% · Italian 1.22% · Arabic 1.15% · Polish 0.73% · Dutch 0.58% · Hungarian 0.53% · Croatian 0.25%.
Visby is linked to the mainland of Sweden by ferry and by plane. Ferries arrive from both Oskarshamn in Småland and Nynäshamn, near Stockholm, each taking about three hours. The ferries are run by Destination Gotland and subsidized by the Swedish government. Since 2016, there are also ferries to Västervik during summer, run by the independent shipping company Gotlandsbåten. Visby Airport is located about 5 km (3.1 mi) north of the city and offers connections to the Swedish main land. With 276,000 passengers in 2005, it is the 12th largest airport in Sweden. There are also city buses in Visby as well as buses to other parts of Gotland. Visby gave its name to the 1968 Visby Amendments, which were an amendment of the Hague Rules of shipping law, leading to the Hague–Visby Rules.
Near Visby, there is the static inverter plant for the first HVDC interconnection of a windpark (HVDC Visby–Näs).
According to the Köppen climate classification, Visby has an oceanic climate. This renders cooler summers and milder winters than most of mainland Sweden. However, in spite of its marine position the climate is very much influenced by continental airflows. The precipitation amount is quite moderated, especially for an oceanic climate, but is relatively consistent throughout the year.